Scientists to decode genomes of species from Antarctic lakes

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Scientists to decode genomes of species from Antarctic lakes

Scientists from the National Antarctic Science Center will be able to use the capabilities of the Australian Genome Research Center to complete the genome sequencing of freshwater organisms in the Antarctic. The Ukrainian institution received a grant from the Ukrainian-Australian Research Foundation.

Why is it important?

The freshwater lakes of the Antarctic also have life, although not very diverse. Crustaceans usually live there:

  • paddle-footed crayfish (Copepoda), among which the most common in the Antarctic is the species Boeckella poppei;
  • species of the genus Brancinecta, a different family of crustaceans.

Brancinecta

To survive in the harsh Antarctic environment, they easily adapt to rapid changes in water temperature, salinity, etc. But it is not known how this adaptation occurs, and scientists have yet to find out. In the context of climate change, such information is extremely useful for humanity. And the first stage of the study is to read the full set of genetic information – the genome of these species.

Boeckella
Photos of the species: Leonid Svetlichny

 

Australian Genome Research Center

Australia has an organization that is engaged in decoding the genomes of organisms on a global level: The Australian Genome Research Center. It is there that the samples collected by Ukrainian scientists in the Antarctic will be transferred.

It is planned that the reading of the genomes of the creatures in them will continue through 2024. After all the work is completed, the results will be published.

It is worth noting that a total of 9 Ukrainian research institutions received grants for access to Australia’s research infrastructure.

Earlier, Ukrainian scientists analyzed the causes of the temperature record in the Antarctic.

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