Ukraine will continue to conduct research in the Antarctic, ensuring the uninterrupted operation of the Akademik Vernadsky station and the Noosphere icebreaker. To this end, the Government has adopted a decree extending the validity of the State Targeted Scientific and Technical Program for Research in the Antarctic until the end of 2025.

This decision will make it possible to conduct and finance Ukrainian Antarctic expeditions over the next two years.

Україна продовжує дослідження Антарктики до кінця 2025 року

Expected results

The government anticipates that the program will make it possible to:

  • to ensure research at the Antarctic Akademik Vernadsky station and modernization of its scientific and technical base;
  • Identify the most promising areas of the Bellingshausen Sea shelf for hydrocarbon (oil, gas) and ore specialization;
  • to develop a scheme of changes in large-scale, global atmospheric circulation and weather conditions over the Antarctic Peninsula by the middle of the 21st century and methods of weather forecasting;
  • create a seasonal research base on the Antarctic Peninsula;
  • to determine the regularities of the influence of meteorological conditions and ocean environment dynamics on the formation and distribution of zones of high biological productivity and industrial importance of the West Antarctic sector of the Southern Ocean;
  • to determine the criteria for assessing the human condition during a long stay in extreme conditions and to develop a comprehensive technology for the prevention of maladaptive disorders, preservation of health and performance of participants in Antarctic expeditions;
  • develop and implement new technologies, drugs and materials;
  • create information systems and technologies, observation and analytical systems to monitor the state of the marine environment;
  • conduct remote monitoring of the upper atmosphere and geocosm and create models of energy transfer from the Earth’s surface to the heights of geocosm;
  • to determine the structural-functional and molecular-genetic characteristics of Antarctic organisms;
  • to obtain new producers of biologically active substances to create new therapeutic and prophylactic agents;
  • develop the latest biotechnologies for the disposal of environmentally hazardous organic waste and wastewater treatment at Antarctic stations;
  • Ensure the participation of Ukraine’s representatives in the work of international Antarctic organizations and the implementation of international projects of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research;
  • to create a positive image of Ukraine by developing its intellectual and industrial potential.

Директор Національного антарктичного наукового центру МОН України Євген Дикий

Research despite the war

“Even in a full-scale war, we have no right to stop our Antarctic program. First of all, this will negate all the investments that Ukraine has already made in Antarctic research over the past 28 years, and then we will need many times more money to restore it than we are currently spending to support the work of expeditions. Secondly, our presence in the Antarctic is our opportunity to join global research projects, to do global science on a par with the world’s leading countries,” says Yevhen Dykyi, Director of the National Antarctic Research Center (NARC).

According to him, Ukraine participates in many international initiatives, and this is a matter of both prestige on the world stage and motivation for domestic scientists to stay in Ukraine rather than emigrate.

танення льодовиків в Антарктиді

Unique research

The NARC director notes that Ukraine has been conducting its own research in the Antarctic since February 1996, when it received the Faraday station, now called the Akademik Vernadsky station, from the United Kingdom.

Since then, scientists have been constantly developing and expanding the scientific program, and have preserved a unique series of continuous observations, some of which are the longest on the ice continent. For example, measurements of weather indicators have been carried out here since 1947, the Earth’s magnetic field since 1954, and ozone levels in the atmosphere since 1957.

“This data is invaluable, and it is thanks to it that we are now seeing how the climate is changing on the planet, how the Antarctic is warming, what the dynamics of the ozone hole are, etc. This is a huge contribution of Ukrainian scientists to the whole of humanity. We should be proud of this and support it even in the most difficult times,” emphasizes Dykyi.

As a reminder, Ukrainian scientists in collaboration with foreign colleagues have recently discovered the cause of localized glacial melting in Antarctica and a temperature record in the Vernadsky area.

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