The European Parliament adopted the AI Act

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The European Parliament adopted the AI Act

The European Parliament adopted the Artificial Intelligence Act. This information was published today on the website of the European Parliament.

The new regulatory rules were voted in favor by 523 MEPs, 46 were against, and 49 abstained.

“The main objective of the document is to protect fundamental rights, democracy, the rule of law and environmental sustainability from the risks posed by AI (artificial intelligence), while accelerating innovation and ensuring Europe’s leadership in this area. These regulatory rules introduce obligations for the use of AI based on its potential risks,” the document says.

Today, during its plenary session in Strasbourg, the European Parliament adopted the Artificial Intelligence Act.

The new rules prohibit the use of certain AI programs that may threaten human rights, including certain categories of biometric systems, mass face identification using surveillance cameras to create relevant databases. It is prohibited to record emotional reactions in the workplace and at schools, social rating systems, “intelligent” police actions based solely on profiling a person and assessing his or her personal characteristics. It is forbidden to use artificial intelligence to manipulate people’s behavior or exploit their vulnerabilities.

Law enforcement officers are also prohibited from using biometric identification systems, except in special and clearly defined cases, such as to search for missing persons or to prevent terrorist attacks.

It is envisaged to introduce clear obligations and restrictions for the operation of AI-based systems in other areas, such as critical infrastructure, education, employment, private and public services, including healthcare and banking. Certain limitations are also imposed on the use of AI in some law enforcement and justice systems, in structures involved in migration regulation, border protection, and in electoral systems, in terms of reducing the risk of possible influence on voters.

All AI systems and related products should be clearly labeled and transparent in their use. For example, artificial or altered images, audio and video content (so-called “deepfakes”) should be clearly labeled.

At the same time, regulatory bodies should be established at the level of member states to promote innovation in the field of AI at the level of small and medium-sized enterprises and to provide appropriate training for their personnel in the use of AI before the products or services produced by it enter the market.

At this stage, the adopted regulations are subject to legal review and must also be approved by the EU Council. They will enter into force 20 days after their publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

As reported, the EU and its member states consider AI as a significant innovation component, in particular, in industrial and energy development, digital transformation and implementation of the Green Deal, in the fight against climate change, etc.

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